澳门威利斯人_威利斯人娱乐「手机版」

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澳门威斯尼网站的网址2用户创建的基本使用,用

摘要:

MongoDB 三.0 用户创造

摘要:

      MongoDB 三.0 安全权限访问调节,在增多用户上边3.0版本和事先的本子有异常的大的界别,这里就印证下叁.0的增进用户的不二秘技。

环境、测试:

      在安装MongoDB事后,先关闭auth认证,进入查看数据库,唯有三个local库,admin库是不存在的:

root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
2015-06-29T09:31:08.673-0400 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 
> show dbs;
local  0.078GB

这段时间内需创立2个帐号,该账号须求有grant权限,即:账号管理的授权权限。瞩目一点,帐号是随着库走的,所以在钦定Curry授权,必须也在钦赐Curry证实(auth)。

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 1

> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.createUser(
...   {
...     user: "dba",
...     pwd: "dba",
...     roles: [ { role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" } ]
...   }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "dba",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 2

上边加粗的正是奉行的吩咐:

user:用户名

pwd:密码

澳门威斯尼网站的网址,roles:钦命用户的剧中人物,能够用贰个空数组给新用户设定空剧中人物;在roles字段,能够钦定内置剧中人物和用户定义的剧中人物。role里的剧中人物可以选:

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 3

  Built-In Roles(内置角色):
    1. 数据库用户角色:read、readWrite;
    2. 数据库管理角色:dbAdmin、dbOwner、userAdmin;
    3. 集群管理角色:clusterAdmin、clusterManager、clusterMonitor、hostManager;
    4. 备份恢复角色:backup、restore;
    5. 所有数据库角色:readAnyDatabase、readWriteAnyDatabase、userAdminAnyDatabase、dbAdminAnyDatabase
    6. 超级用户角色:root  
    // 这里还有几个角色间接或直接提供了系统超级用户的访问(dbOwner 、userAdmin、userAdminAnyDatabase)
    7. 内部角色:__system

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 4

切实剧中人物: 

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 5

Read:允许用户读取指定数据库
readWrite:允许用户读写指定数据库
dbAdmin:允许用户在指定数据库中执行管理函数,如索引创建、删除,查看统计或访问system.profile
userAdmin:允许用户向system.users集合写入,可以找指定数据库里创建、删除和管理用户
clusterAdmin:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有分片和复制集相关函数的管理权限。
readAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的读权限
readWriteAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的读写权限
userAdminAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的userAdmin权限
dbAdminAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的dbAdmin权限。
root:只在admin数据库中可用。超级账号,超级权限

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 6

刚建设构造了 userAdminAnyDatabase 角色,用来保管用户,可以经过那些剧中人物来成立、删除用户。验证:要求开启auth参数。

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 7

root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
> show dbs;    ####没有验证,导致没权限。
2015-06-29T10:02:16.634-0400 E QUERY    Error: listDatabases failed:{
    "ok" : 0,
    "errmsg" : "not authorized on admin to execute command { listDatabases: 1.0 }",
    "code" : 13
}
    at Error (<anonymous>)
    at Mongo.getDBs (src/mongo/shell/mongo.js:47:15)
    at shellHelper.show (src/mongo/shell/utils.js:630:33)
    at shellHelper (src/mongo/shell/utils.js:524:36)
    at (shellhelp2):1:1 at src/mongo/shell/mongo.js:47
> use admin        #验证,因为在admin下面添加的帐号,所以要到admin下面验证。
switched to db admin
> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> show dbs;
admin  0.078GB
local  0.078GB
> use test        #在test库里创建帐号
switched to db test
> db.createUser(
...     {
...       user: "zjyr",
...       pwd: "zjyr",
...       roles: [
...          { role: "read", db: "test" }    #只读帐号
...       ]
...     }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
> db.createUser(
...     {
...       user: "zjy",
...       pwd: "zjy",
...       roles: [
...          { role: "readWrite", db: "test" }   #读写帐号
...       ]
...     }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zjy",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",                #读写账号
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
> show users;                                    #查看当前库下的用户
{
    "_id" : "test.zjyr",
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "db" : "test",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjy",
    "user" : "zjy",
    "db" : "test",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 8

上面成立了三个帐号,今后认证下:验证前提必要三个集聚

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 9

> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})              #插入失败,没有权限,userAdminAnyDatabase 权限只是针对用户管理的,对其他是没有权限的。
WriteResult({
    "writeError" : {
        "code" : 13,
        "errmsg" : "not authorized on test to execute command { insert: "abc", documents: [ { _id: ObjectId('55915185d629831d887ce2cb'), a: 1.0, b: 2.0 } ], ordered: true }"
    }
})
> 
bye
root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
> use test
switched to db test
> db.auth('zjy','zjy')       #用创建的readWrite帐号进行写入
1
> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":11,"b":22})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":111,"b":222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151a1b78649ebd8316853"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151cab78649ebd8316854"), "a" : 11, "b" : 22 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151ceb78649ebd8316855"), "a" : 111, "b" : 222 }
> db.auth('zjyr','zjyr')       #切换到只有read权限的帐号
1
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})  #不能写入
WriteResult({
    "writeError" : {
        "code" : 13,
        "errmsg" : "not authorized on test to execute command { insert: "abc", documents: [ { _id: ObjectId('559151ebb78649ebd8316856'), a: 1111.0, b: 2222.0 } ], ordered: true }"
    }
})
> db.abc.find()        #可以查看
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151a1b78649ebd8316853"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151cab78649ebd8316854"), "a" : 11, "b" : 22 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151ceb78649ebd8316855"), "a" : 111, "b" : 222 }

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 10

有未有1个极品权限?不唯有能够授权,而且也足以对集中进行放肆操作?答案是毫无疑问的,只是不建议利用。那正是role剧中人物设置成root

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 11

> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> db.createUser(
...  {
...    user: "zhoujinyi",
...    pwd: "zhoujinyi",
...    roles: [
...       { role: "root", db: "admin" }      #超级root帐号
...    ]
...  }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
> 
> show users;              #查看当前库下的用户
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.auth('zhoujinyi','zhoujinyi')
1
> use test
switched to db test
> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})          #权限都有
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5591539bb78649ebd8316857"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559153a0b78649ebd8316858"), "a" : 1111, "b" : 2222 }
> db.abc.remove({})
WriteResult({ "nRemoved" : 2 })

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 12

因为帐号都以在此时此刻内需授权的数据库下授权的,那假如不在当前数据库下会怎么样?

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 13

> db
admin
> db.createUser(
...  {
...    user: "dxy",
...    pwd: "dxy",
...    roles: [
...       { role: "readWrite", db: "test" },     #在当前库下创建其他库的帐号,在admin库下创建test、abc库的帐号
...       { role: "readWrite", db: "abc" }         
...    ]
...  }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "dxy",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> 
> show users;
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.dxy",
    "user" : "dxy",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> use test
switched to db test
> db.auth('dxy','dxy')          #在admin下创建的帐号,不能直接在其他库验证,
Error: 18 Authentication failed.
0
> use admin
switched to db admin            #只能在帐号创建库下认证,再去其他库进行操作。
> db.auth('dxy','dxy')
1
> use test
switched to db test
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> use abc
switched to db abc
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 14

地点越发进一步印证数据库帐号是接着数据库来走的,哪个地方创造哪个地方认证。

成立了如此多帐号,怎么查阅全数帐号

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 15

>  use admin
switched to db admin
> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> db.system.users.find().pretty()
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "KfDUzCOIUo7WVjFr64ZOcQ==",
            "storedKey" : "t4sPsKG2dXnZztVYj5EgdUzT9sc=",
            "serverKey" : "2vCGiq9NIc1zKqeEL6VvO4rP26A="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjyr",
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "db" : "test",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "h1gOW3J7wzJuTqgmmQgJKQ==",
            "storedKey" : "7lkoANdxM2py0qiDBzFaZYPp1cM=",
            "serverKey" : "Qyu6IRNyaKLUvqJ2CAa/tQYY36c="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjy",
    "user" : "zjy",
    "db" : "test",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "afwaKuTYPWwbDBduQ4Hm7g==",
            "storedKey" : "ebb2LYLn4hiOVlZqgrAKBdStfn8=",
            "serverKey" : "LG2qWwuuV FNMmr9lWs Rb3DIhQ="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "pE2cSOYtBOYevk8tqrwbSQ==",
            "storedKey" : "TwMxdnlB5Eiaqg4tNh9ByNuUp9A=",
            "serverKey" : "Mofr9ohVlFfR6/md4LMRkOhXouc="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.dxy",
    "user" : "dxy",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "XD6smcWX4tdg/ZJPoLxxRg==",
            "storedKey" : "F4uiayykHDp/r9krAKZjdr gqjM=",
            "serverKey" : "Kf51IU9J3RIrB8CFn5Z5hEKMSkw="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> db.system.users.find().count()
5

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 16

备份还原使用极其脚色的帐号?以前创制的帐号zjy:test库读写权限;zjyr:test库读权限

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 17

root@zhoujinyi:~# mongodump --port=27020 -uzjyr -pzjyr --db=test -o backup   #只要读权限就可以备份
2015-06-29T11:20:04.864-0400    writing test.abc to backup/test/abc.bson
2015-06-29T11:20:04.865-0400    writing test.abc metadata to backup/test/abc.metadata.json
2015-06-29T11:20:04.866-0400    done dumping test.abc
2015-06-29T11:20:04.867-0400    writing test.system.indexes to backup/test/system.indexes.bson


root@zhoujinyi:~# mongorestore --port=27020 -uzjy -pzjy --db=test backup/test/  #读写权限可以进行还原
2015-06-29T11:20:26.607-0400    building a list of collections to restore from backup/test/ dir
2015-06-29T11:20:26.609-0400    reading metadata file from backup/test/abc.metadata.json
2015-06-29T11:20:26.609-0400    restoring test.abc from file backup/test/abc.bson
2015-06-29T11:20:26.611-0400    error: E11000 duplicate key error index: test.abc.$_id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('559154efb78649ebd831685a') }
2015-06-29T11:20:26.611-0400    restoring indexes for collection test.abc from metadata
2015-06-29T11:20:26.612-0400    finished restoring test.abc
2015-06-29T11:20:26.612-0400    done

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 18

 

MongoDB 三.0 用户创制

摘要:

      MongoDB 3.0 安全权限访问调控,在加上用户上边3.0本子和后面包车型地铁本子有十分的大的区分,这里就表明下三.0的增进用户的秘诀。

环境、测试:

      在安装MongoDB自此,先关闭auth认证,进入查看数据库,唯有贰个local库,admin库是不设有的:

root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
2015-06-29T09:31:08.673-0400 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 
> show dbs;
local  0.078GB

前些天亟待创设2个帐号,该账号必要有grant权限,即:账号管理的授权权限。小心一点,帐号是随着库走的,所以在内定库里授权,必须也在钦点Curry证实(auth)。

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 19

> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.createUser(
...   {
...     user: "dba",
...     pwd: "dba",
...     roles: [ { role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" } ]
...   }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "dba",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 20

上边加粗的便是实践的通令:

user:用户名

pwd:密码

roles:钦赐用户的剧中人物,能够用叁个空数组给新用户设定空剧中人物;在roles字段,能够内定内置角色和用户定义的剧中人物。role里的剧中人物可以选:

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 21

  Built-In Roles(内置角色):
    1. 数据库用户角色:read、readWrite;
    2. 数据库管理角色:dbAdmin、dbOwner、userAdmin;
    3. 集群管理角色:clusterAdmin、clusterManager、clusterMonitor、hostManager;
    4. 备份恢复角色:backup、restore;
    5. 所有数据库角色:readAnyDatabase、readWriteAnyDatabase、userAdminAnyDatabase、dbAdminAnyDatabase
    6. 超级用户角色:root  
    // 这里还有几个角色间接或直接提供了系统超级用户的访问(dbOwner 、userAdmin、userAdminAnyDatabase)
    7. 内部角色:__system

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 22

切实角色: 

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 23

Read:允许用户读取指定数据库
readWrite:允许用户读写指定数据库
dbAdmin:允许用户在指定数据库中执行管理函数,如索引创建、删除,查看统计或访问system.profile
userAdmin:允许用户向system.users集合写入,可以找指定数据库里创建、删除和管理用户
clusterAdmin:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有分片和复制集相关函数的管理权限。
readAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的读权限
readWriteAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的读写权限
userAdminAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的userAdmin权限
dbAdminAnyDatabase:只在admin数据库中可用,赋予用户所有数据库的dbAdmin权限。
root:只在admin数据库中可用。超级账号,超级权限

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 24

刚制造了 userAdminAnyDatabase 剧中人物,用来保管用户,能够通过那么些剧中人物来创立、删除用户。验证:须求开启auth参数。

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 25

root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
> show dbs;    ####没有验证,导致没权限。
2015-06-29T10:02:16.634-0400 E QUERY    Error: listDatabases failed:{
    "ok" : 0,
    "errmsg" : "not authorized on admin to execute command { listDatabases: 1.0 }",
    "code" : 13
}
    at Error (<anonymous>)
    at Mongo.getDBs (src/mongo/shell/mongo.js:47:15)
    at shellHelper.show (src/mongo/shell/utils.js:630:33)
    at shellHelper (src/mongo/shell/utils.js:524:36)
    at (shellhelp2):1:1 at src/mongo/shell/mongo.js:47
> use admin        #验证,因为在admin下面添加的帐号,所以要到admin下面验证。
switched to db admin
> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> show dbs;
admin  0.078GB
local  0.078GB
> use test        #在test库里创建帐号
switched to db test
> db.createUser(
...     {
...       user: "zjyr",
...       pwd: "zjyr",
...       roles: [
...          { role: "read", db: "test" }    #只读帐号
...       ]
...     }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
> db.createUser(
...     {
...       user: "zjy",
...       pwd: "zjy",
...       roles: [
...          { role: "readWrite", db: "test" }   #读写帐号
...       ]
...     }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zjy",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",                #读写账号
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
> show users;                                    #查看当前库下的用户
{
    "_id" : "test.zjyr",
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "db" : "test",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjy",
    "user" : "zjy",
    "db" : "test",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 26

上边创立了三个帐号,今后验证下:验证前提须求三个聚众

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 27

> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})              #插入失败,没有权限,userAdminAnyDatabase 权限只是针对用户管理的,对其他是没有权限的。
WriteResult({
    "writeError" : {
        "code" : 13,
        "errmsg" : "not authorized on test to execute command { insert: "abc", documents: [ { _id: ObjectId('55915185d629831d887ce2cb'), a: 1.0, b: 2.0 } ], ordered: true }"
    }
})
> 
bye
root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
> use test
switched to db test
> db.auth('zjy','zjy')       #用创建的readWrite帐号进行写入
1
> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":11,"b":22})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":111,"b":222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151a1b78649ebd8316853"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151cab78649ebd8316854"), "a" : 11, "b" : 22 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151ceb78649ebd8316855"), "a" : 111, "b" : 222 }
> db.auth('zjyr','zjyr')       #切换到只有read权限的帐号
1
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})  #不能写入
WriteResult({
    "writeError" : {
        "code" : 13,
        "errmsg" : "not authorized on test to execute command { insert: "abc", documents: [ { _id: ObjectId('559151ebb78649ebd8316856'), a: 1111.0, b: 2222.0 } ], ordered: true }"
    }
})
> db.abc.find()        #可以查看
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151a1b78649ebd8316853"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151cab78649ebd8316854"), "a" : 11, "b" : 22 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559151ceb78649ebd8316855"), "a" : 111, "b" : 222 }

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 28

有未有一个一级权限?不只有能够授权,而且也得以对聚焦举行随机操作?答案是迟早的,只是不建议使用。那便是role角色设置成root

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 29

> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> db.createUser(
...  {
...    user: "zhoujinyi",
...    pwd: "zhoujinyi",
...    roles: [
...       { role: "root", db: "admin" }      #超级root帐号
...    ]
...  }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
> 
> show users;              #查看当前库下的用户
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.auth('zhoujinyi','zhoujinyi')
1
> use test
switched to db test
> db.abc.insert({"a":1,"b":2})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})          #权限都有
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> db.abc.find()
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5591539bb78649ebd8316857"), "a" : 1, "b" : 2 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("559153a0b78649ebd8316858"), "a" : 1111, "b" : 2222 }
> db.abc.remove({})
WriteResult({ "nRemoved" : 2 })

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 30

因为帐号都以在当下急需授权的数据库下授权的,那如若不在当前数据库下会如何?

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 31

> db
admin
> db.createUser(
...  {
...    user: "dxy",
...    pwd: "dxy",
...    roles: [
...       { role: "readWrite", db: "test" },     #在当前库下创建其他库的帐号,在admin库下创建test、abc库的帐号
...       { role: "readWrite", db: "abc" }         
...    ]
...  }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "dxy",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> 
> show users;
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.dxy",
    "user" : "dxy",
    "db" : "admin",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> use test
switched to db test
> db.auth('dxy','dxy')          #在admin下创建的帐号,不能直接在其他库验证,
Error: 18 Authentication failed.
0
> use admin
switched to db admin            #只能在帐号创建库下认证,再去其他库进行操作。
> db.auth('dxy','dxy')
1
> use test
switched to db test
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })
> use abc
switched to db abc
> db.abc.insert({"a":1111,"b":2222})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 32

地点特别进一步印证数据库帐号是随即数据库来走的,哪个地方创制哪儿认证。

开创了如此多帐号,怎么查看全数帐号

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 33

>  use admin
switched to db admin
> db.auth('dba','dba')
1
> db.system.users.find().pretty()
{
    "_id" : "admin.dba",
    "user" : "dba",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "KfDUzCOIUo7WVjFr64ZOcQ==",
            "storedKey" : "t4sPsKG2dXnZztVYj5EgdUzT9sc=",
            "serverKey" : "2vCGiq9NIc1zKqeEL6VvO4rP26A="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjyr",
    "user" : "zjyr",
    "db" : "test",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "h1gOW3J7wzJuTqgmmQgJKQ==",
            "storedKey" : "7lkoANdxM2py0qiDBzFaZYPp1cM=",
            "serverKey" : "Qyu6IRNyaKLUvqJ2CAa/tQYY36c="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "read",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "test.zjy",
    "user" : "zjy",
    "db" : "test",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "afwaKuTYPWwbDBduQ4Hm7g==",
            "storedKey" : "ebb2LYLn4hiOVlZqgrAKBdStfn8=",
            "serverKey" : "LG2qWwuuV FNMmr9lWs Rb3DIhQ="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.zhoujinyi",
    "user" : "zhoujinyi",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "pE2cSOYtBOYevk8tqrwbSQ==",
            "storedKey" : "TwMxdnlB5Eiaqg4tNh9ByNuUp9A=",
            "serverKey" : "Mofr9ohVlFfR6/md4LMRkOhXouc="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "root",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}
{
    "_id" : "admin.dxy",
    "user" : "dxy",
    "db" : "admin",
    "credentials" : {
        "SCRAM-SHA-1" : {
            "iterationCount" : 10000,
            "salt" : "XD6smcWX4tdg/ZJPoLxxRg==",
            "storedKey" : "F4uiayykHDp/r9krAKZjdr gqjM=",
            "serverKey" : "Kf51IU9J3RIrB8CFn5Z5hEKMSkw="
        }
    },
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "test"
        },
        {
            "role" : "readWrite",
            "db" : "abc"
        }
    ]
}
> db.system.users.find().count()
5

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 34

备份还原使用极其剧中人物的帐号?在此之前创建的帐号zjy:test库读写权限;zjyr:test库读权限

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 35

root@zhoujinyi:~# mongodump --port=27020 -uzjyr -pzjyr --db=test -o backup   #只要读权限就可以备份
2015-06-29T11:20:04.864-0400    writing test.abc to backup/test/abc.bson
2015-06-29T11:20:04.865-0400    writing test.abc metadata to backup/test/abc.metadata.json
2015-06-29T11:20:04.866-0400    done dumping test.abc
2015-06-29T11:20:04.867-0400    writing test.system.indexes to backup/test/system.indexes.bson


root@zhoujinyi:~# mongorestore --port=27020 -uzjy -pzjy --db=test backup/test/  #读写权限可以进行还原
2015-06-29T11:20:26.607-0400    building a list of collections to restore from backup/test/ dir
2015-06-29T11:20:26.609-0400    reading metadata file from backup/test/abc.metadata.json
2015-06-29T11:20:26.609-0400    restoring test.abc from file backup/test/abc.bson
2015-06-29T11:20:26.611-0400    error: E11000 duplicate key error index: test.abc.$_id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('559154efb78649ebd831685a') }
2015-06-29T11:20:26.611-0400    restoring indexes for collection test.abc from metadata
2015-06-29T11:20:26.612-0400    finished restoring test.abc
2015-06-29T11:20:26.612-0400    done

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 36

 

      MongoDB 叁.0 安全权限访问调整,在增加用户上面3.0版本和事先的本子有十分的大的界别,这里就表明下叁.0的丰硕用户的章程。

环境、测试:

      在安装MongoDB以往,先关闭auth认证,进入查看数据库,唯有多个local库,admin库是不存在的:

root@zhoujinyi:/usr/local/mongo4# mongo --port=27020
MongoDB shell version: 3.0.4
connecting to: 127.0.0.1:27020/test
2015-06-29T09:31:08.673-0400 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 
> show dbs;
local  0.078GB

当今亟待成立一个帐号,该账号需求有grant权限,即:账号管理的授权权限。瞩目一点,帐号是随着库走的,所以在钦定Curry授权,必须也在钦赐Curry证实(auth)。

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 37

> use admin
switched to db admin
> db.createUser(
...   {
...     user: "dba",
...     pwd: "dba",
...     roles: [ { role: "userAdminAnyDatabase", db: "admin" } ]
...   }
... )
Successfully added user: {
    "user" : "dba",
    "roles" : [
        {
            "role" : "userAdminAnyDatabase",
            "db" : "admin"
        }
    ]
}

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 38

上边加粗的正是实践的指令:

user:用户名

pwd:密码

roles:钦点用户的角色,能够用二个空数组给新用户设定空剧中人物;在roles字段,能够钦赐内置角色和用户定义的剧中人物。role里的角色可以选:

澳门威斯尼网站的网址 39

  Built-In Roles(内置角色):
    1. 数据库用户角色:read、readWrite;
    2. 数据库管理角色:dbAdmin、dbOwner、userAdmin;
    3. 集群管理角色:clusterAdmin、clusterManager、clusterMonitor、hostManager;
    4. 备份恢复角色:backup、restore;
    5. 所有数据库角色:readAnyDatabase、readWriteAnyDatabase、userAdminAnyDatabase、dbAdminAnyDatabase
    6. 超级用户角色:root  
    // 这里还有几个角色间接或直接提供了系统超级用户的访问(dbOwner 、userAdmin、userAdminAnyDatabase)
    7. 内部角色:__system

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